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The Peak District National Park

National Conservation

Who looks after UK Conservation?

National (UK) conservation involves statutory (government controlled) agencies and voluntary organisations (NGO’s- non governmental organisations). Click on these to find out more.

Statutory agencies

For a complete list of conservation organisations –
 visit the Friends of the earth website

What is the role of the UK Government?

Wildlife is protected by legislation, and in particular, the Wildlife and Countryside Act of 1981. This act was the most important and it is constantly been updated. Its main aims are summarised by  Naturnet.

Since this act, there have been a large number of other acts mostly targeted at specific issues. These are listed on the  UK Legislation page of Naturnet

What conservation areas are there in the UK?

There are a wide range of conservation areas designed to protect and conserve wildlife and the most important are listed below:

What type of methods are used in conservation?

Conservation methods might include:

  • Setting up ‘action plans’ for individual species – these are known as  BAPs (Biodiversity Action Plans)
  • Establishing National Parks, nature reserves, and similar protected areas.
  • Restricting urban and industrial development.
  • Reclaiming derelict sites.
  • Legally protecting species and habitats.
  • Preventing the release of non-native species.
  • Controlling pollution.
  • Recycling and reusing.
  • Only buying environmentally friendly products.
  • Limit the exploitation of non-renewable resources.
  • Restrict the trade in endangered species.
  • Breeding programmes in Zoos
  • Rare breeds centres.
  • Sperm and seed banks.
  • Education.



David Attenborough said the following (‘Life on Earth’-Collins/BBC 1979) 

Open QuoteThe fact is that no species has ever had such wholesale control over everything on earth, living or dead, as we now have. That lays upon us, whether we like it or not, an awesome responsibility. In out hands now lies not only our own future, but that of all living creatures with whom we share the earth.Close Quote

Conservation is ultimately the responsibility of the individual – do you agree?


A poem by the Chinese poet (500 BC) Kuan Tzu:

Open QuoteIf you are thinking a year ahead, sow seed,
If you are thinking 10 years ahead, plant a tree,
If you are thinking 100 years ahead, educate peopleClose Quote

Do you agree with his point?




 Conservation Examples


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